Crown and Bridge
A crown is a cap that is fitted on top of a broken, damaged, decayed or root canal treated tooth. It’s main purpose is to protect the tooth from further damage. A crown can be used to strengthen broken tooth, improve appearance or even used to be placed on top of an implant to provide a tooth like structure. Porcelain and ceramic crowns can be made to the colour of your natural teeth. Other materials used for crowns include gold and metal alloys.
A dentist may recommend a crown for a tooth that has had extensive work, attaching a bridge or cover a root canal treated tooth. This way the tooth would be stronger and increase its longevity.
A bridge is a fixed way to replace missing teeth. If you decide on getting a bridge it can be used to completing your smile, restore your chewing function and speaking. It is a fixed option which means it can’t be removed from the mouth, making it a popular choice with patients. It can also help rebuild your self-esteem and confidence.
A bridge is made up of 2 crowns on either side of the missing tooth with a pontic tooth In between to replace the missing tooth. The crowns are usually made out of porcelain fused to metal which makes them strong and durable
Some of the benefits of getting a bridge are it can restore your smile, replace missing back teeth so you have better chewing ability, maintain your face shape and prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position.
A dental extraction is the removal of teeth from the the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma. Sometimes wisdom teeth are impacted and may cause recurrent infections of the gum, thus needing extraction.
Some people opt to get their teeth pulled out instead of fixing them simply because of price and it’s a simple fix to get you out of pain, while others may decide to carry out root canal treatment.
When having a tooth out you need to remember once it’s take out it’s gone for good. It is preferable to try and save your natural tooth, where you can. When losing a tooth, you are creating a space that the teeth either side may drift into. You could also be reducing your chewing function.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal is needed when the nerve inside the tooth has been infected. Once the nerve has been infected a filling is no longer able to fix the tooth. Some of the signs that the infection has gone into the nerve of the tooth are you are experiencing increased sensitivity to hot and cold, pain on biting, swelling in your gum or face or the pain is keeping you up at night.
Root canal treatment is a three-stage procedure.
Stage 1. The nerve in the tooth is removed and antibiotics are placed within the tooth to reduce the infection.
Stage 2. The previous dressing is removed, the canals are shaped and another course of antibiotics is placed in the tooth.
Stage 3. If there is no longer any pain from the tooth and everything has settled. The dentist will fill the canal with rubber points to seal the inside so no more infection can happen.
The treatment is spread over a period of time in order to make sure that all the infection has been resolved. At the end of treatment we always recommend that you place a crown on top of this tooth to protect the tooth
Dentures are a removable prosthetic device that replace one or multiply teeth. Dentures are the fastest, painless and most effective ways of replacing teeth. They can also improve a patient’s appearance, chewing function and speech.
There are two type of dentures
Acrylic dentures are made from acrylic resin with denture teeth bonded to the acrylic base. These dentures are a better option for people who don’t like the idea of metal in their mouths. The acrylic dentures are easier to add teeth to but are a bit weaker than the metal dentures, which means they do break easier. Acrylic dentures are able to be easily repaired
Chrome dentures are a metal frame work that sits around the natural teeth they are a lot thinner than the acrylic denture and are also stronger and longer lasting.
If you're interested in dentures, please do not hesitate to make an appointment to speak to your local Armadale Dentist and discuss your treatment options
General check-ups and recalls
Regular check -ups are extremely important if you want to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Here at Champion Family dental we recommend that you come in every six months.
At every check-up, the dentist will carefully check your teeth, gums, soft tissues and jaw for any changes.
With some check-ups, the dentist will recommend taking some x-rays. These x-rays are used so that the dentist can see in between the teeth that the eye can’t see. Most decay starts in between the teeth where the tooth brush can’t reach. These x-rays are only taken every two to three years unless there is changes to the teeth.
A clean is then performed to remove the calculus that has built up on the teeth and underneath the gums. The removal of calculus is very important as is harbours bacteria that is dangerous to the gums and causes gingivitis and gum disease.
With regular check-ups, the teeth and gums are maintained so that there is less likely to be any problems in the future.
Implants are an ideal option for patients with good oral hygiene and have lost a tooth. Implants do not rely on the neighbouring teeth for support. They have a natural appearance and function like a normal tooth.
Implants are a screw made out of titanium that is implanted in to the jaw bone. The Implants is left for the bone to fuse around the implant. This can take anywhere between 4-6 months. A crown is then fitted on top of the implant for aesthetic and function purposes.
If you have a few missing teeth you are able to have a few implants placed that are able to help support a denture or bridge.
Before having an implant placed you will need to be assessed and have some x-rays taken. This needs to be completed so the dentist can access if you are a suitable candidate.
A mouth guard is a protective cover for teeth and gums to prevent injury to teeth, lips and gums. The most common mouth guard is a sports mouthguard that is worn during contact sports.
Sports mouth guard
To have a mouth guard made you will need to have dental impressions taken. The moulds are sent off to a dental lab for your mouth guard to be custom made. It is beneficial to have your mouthguard custom made so it fits correctly onto the teeth which means the athlete does not need to hold the mouth guard in place. They are also thicker then store bought mouth guards which provides more support, while allowing the athlete to talk and breath comfortably
Sports mouth guards can be made in a range of colours so you are able to support your sporting team
For patients that grind and clench their teeth we may suggest you wear a splint at night time over your teeth. Grinding and clench on a regular basis can damage your teeth and cause other oral complications. This type of splint helps to keep your jaw in a better position and take the pressure off of the teeth.
The splint is made out of acrylic and sits over the top of your upper teeth, it is held in by clasps. The dentist will make sure the splint fit correctly and evenly before letting you wear it at home.
Dental veneers are used to improve the appearance of teeth. Veneers also help to protect teeth by making them stronger, they can help give you a whiter smile and beautifully aligned teeth.
Veneers are a thin, custom made shell designed to cover the front surface of your tooth. They can be made from either porcelain or composite resin. The tooth that the veneer will be covering may need to be filed down a little to accommodate the veneer.
Porcelain veneers are an extremely thin shell made of a strong and durable porcelain material that does not stain. The dentist will prepare the tooth by removing a small amount of the tooth surface so that the veneer doesn’t feel bulky or protruding from your natural smile. Impressions taken of your teeth are taken and sent to a dental laboratory with a shade taken to match the surrounding teeth. Two weeks later the dentist will insert the veneers using a light cured cement.
Resin composite veneer
The dentist can prepare the tooth and place the composite filling in the one appointment. The dentist will prepare the tooth the same as having a porcelain veneer done. The dentist will then add layers of composite that matches your existing tooth colour. They will polish and shape the composite to make the appearance of them look like your natural tooth. The composite veneer will eventually to start picking up stains as the material is more porous, which is one of the downsides
You will need to make small changes to everyday living while having veneers as some habits may cause the veneer to come off. Some of these habits are biting your nails or chewing hard objects like ice.
There is nothing more eye-catching than a radiant pearly white smile. If your teeth aren’t quite as white as you would like them. You could give teeth whitening a go.
At your consult appointment, the dentist will have a look at your oral hygiene. They may suggest you have a clean and polish before you start bleaching your teeth, they will do this because you don’t want to be bleaching tartar (the build-up on your teeth) This could compromise the results. The dentist will then take impressions of your teeth, so custom made plastic trays can be used at home for bleaching.
Your custom-made trays will be ready in a week for you to collect, the fitted trays are not to be over filled with the bleach as it could harm your gums. The dentist will go through the instructions before you leave the surgery.
You will be able to wear the bleaching trays over night while you sleep with a low concentrate solution in them. The should be worn every night for two weeks for maximum results.
There are some things to think about before getting your teeth bleached.
Do you have fillings on your front teeth? If you do you need to know that the bleach will not change the colour of the filling.
Are your teeth sensitive? Bleaching your teeth can make your teeth more sensitive.
If you have any questions you could always give the surgery a call and talk to one of our staff members